Separation of Public Prosecutor and Attorney-General

This initiative stands as a testament to Malaysia's journey towards instituting greater checks and balances in its governance

Ketua Penerangan UMNO Datuk Seri Azalina Othman Said mencabar Menteri Besar Terengganu Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar meletakkan jawatan sebagai Menteri Besar
Ketua Penerangan UMNO Datuk Seri Azalina Othman Said mencabar Menteri Besar Terengganu Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar meletakkan jawatan sebagai Menteri Besar

Reimagining Malaysia’s Legal Landscape: Separation of Public Prosecutor and Attorney-General

In a historic bid to further enhance transparency and trust in Malaysia’s justice system, the Honourable Law and Institutional Reform Minister, Datuk Seri Azalina Othman Said, recently highlighted the government’s commitment to separating the roles of the public prosecutor (PP) and the attorney-general (AG).

This initiative stands as a testament to Malaysia’s journey towards instituting greater checks and balances in its governance.

“We can’t amend the constitution without a comprehensive study. So, be patient because we really need to do it properly,” Azalina asserted during a press conference in Kuala Lumpur.

A Commitment to Holistic Decision-making

The journey to alter the foundations of the nation’s legal processes isn’t one that’s undertaken lightly.

In fact, the commitment to a meticulous and all-encompassing study underlines the government’s dedication to ensuring any changes made are both sustainable and beneficial for Malaysians.

Engagement is at the heart of this reform. Stakeholders from diverse backgrounds, including the governments of Sabah and Sarawak, are actively involved in discussions.

Azalina pointed out the unique circumstances that come into play, stating, “As you know, Sabah and Sarawak have their own AGs, so we need to look at that.”

Steering the Course amid Challenges

The road to reform is never without its bumps.

The current political landscape, marked by voices calling for a change in government, poses challenges.

It is within this backdrop that Azalina touched upon the controversial anti-hopping law. This law, she explained, was established to bring stability.

“Before the elections (GE15), we agreed that a seat belongs to the party, but now, after the elections, everyone is saying it is curbing freedom (of association),” she commented.

The recent statement by Arau MP Datuk Seri Shahidan Kassim, proposing the sidelining of the anti-hopping law, has added a layer to the discourse.

Yet, it’s essential to remember that reform, by its very nature, often comes with differing viewpoints and heated debates.

The Need for Reform

For those unfamiliar with the Malaysian legal structure, you might wonder: Why the call for separation? The answer lies in an event that recently captured national headlines.

The prosecution in Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi’s corruption trial requested a conditional discharge. Subsequently, Zahid, who is currently the deputy prime minister, was granted a discharge not amounting to an acquittal (DNAA).

Incidents like these have prompted the public and certain sections of the government to call for a clearer separation of powers to ensure unbiased judgements.

Global Context: A Comparative Insight

The journey of separating the roles of AG and PP isn’t unique to Malaysia.

Many nations have grappled with this to ensure impartiality and a clearer delineation of powers. For instance, the United Kingdom, often cited for its robust legal system, underwent significant reforms in 2007.

They established the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) as an independent body to manage public prosecutions, distinctly apart from the Attorney General’s advisory and representative roles.

Similarly, Australia has distinct roles for its Attorney-General and the Director of Public Prosecutions to maintain a fair separation of duties.

Drawing inspiration from these examples, Malaysia’s pursuit is in line with global best practices, further demonstrating its commitment to refining its legal infrastructure in the best interests of its citizens.

Looking Forward: The Path to Implementation

In line with its pledge, the government has already mobilized two special task forces to fast-track the separation process.

This speaks volumes about the administration’s proactive approach, even as they emphasize patience and careful study.

Join the Journey

For many Malaysians, the legal intricacies might seem distant and complex. But what is clear is the government’s intent: to foster a more transparent, accountable, and fair legal system.

In separating the roles of the PP and the AG, the country aims to build a robust foundation that can withstand the tests of time and politics.

As citizens and stakeholders, it’s crucial to stay informed, join the dialogue, and understand the changes.

The proposed reforms are more than just bureaucratic adjustments – they are steps toward a brighter, more just Malaysia.


Reform is seldom easy, and it often necessitates bold decisions and visionary leadership.

Azalina’s call for patience and understanding underscores the complexity of this monumental task.

With a united vision, Malaysia stands poised to usher in a new era of legal governance that truly serves its people.

As we await further developments, let us remember the spirit of ‘Malaysia MADANI’ and believe in our nation’s ability to evolve and progress.

The separation of the PP and AG isn’t just a legal matter; it’s a statement of our nation’s commitment to fairness, transparency, and the rule of law.

Let’s come together, as one nation, to support and witness this transformative journey.

Writer : Azlan Omar, Independant Research Analyst

The views expressed in this article are that of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views of